By Denis McClean
The Kenyan city of Kisumu, long praised for its work on disaster risk reduction, has offered to be a training ground for other cities in Kenya and neighbouring countries.
The offer was extended yesterday by Kisumu City Manager, Doris Ombara, during a “resilience tour” of the city and county by the UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction, Mami Mizutori, as she marked one year in office.
Ms Mizutori praised the pioneering role that Kisumu has played in the development of the Making Cities Resilient Campaign since 2010. “Now I understand why I kept hearing the name of Kisumu so often over the last twelve months that I decided I had to visit,” she said.
The experience of Kisumu and other cities participating in the EU backed project: “Making cities sustainable and resilient: implementing the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 at the local level” will inform the second phase of the campaign scheduled to start in 2020.
The day started with the city’s DRR focal point, Celestine Collins, providing an overview of the challenges facing Kenya’s third largest city located by the world’s largest freshwater lake, Lake Victoria. The population of 600,000 swells to one million during the day and 60% of the people live in slums or informal settlements.
The city and county managers are challenged with a wide range of disaster scenarios including floods, drought, fires, water and energy supply, solid waste management and decaying infrastructure including asbestos sewerage pipes.
The first stop was in a rural area east of Kisumu where locals gathered to talk about the benefits that a new bridge would bring during the rainy season about to get underway next month. In the past, floods in the area have prevented pregnant women reaching the maternity hospital, children from attending school, farmers and other traders bringing their produce to market.
In a ceremony on the bridge, retired school principal, Kevin Kooguya, said he felt particularly sorry for sugar cane farmers who could not bring their harvest to market during the rainy season with dire economic consequences for their families.
Back in the city, Ms. Mizutori, accompanied by her Africa head of office, Amjad Abbashar, visited the city dump which extended over ten acres before work got underway last year to move it to a managed site on a disused quarry where town engineers have prepared well to ensure it does not affect the water table.
For the last thirty years, it has been an eyesore and a source of disease. Ms Ombara said the successful effort to move the dump and transform it into a green public space required “courage and daring” – from the environmental impact study to negotiating with those who depended on it for a living through scavenging. The work will be completed by next month.
There is an impressive plan in place to engage citizens in the collection and recycling of their household waste which was announced two months. Other items on the busy city manager’s agenda include dredging tributaries of Lake Victoria before the rainy and raising funds to replace the asbestos sewerage pipes.
Ms Mizutori commented on the remarkable level of civic participation and engagement on risk reduction evident in all her encounters with local people throughout the day. “Inclusion and all of society engagement is essential to reducing disaster risk in a meaningful way at the local level.”
Welcoming Ms Ombara’s offer to become a training ground for other cities, Ms Mizutori said: “We really need to work with cities to build resilience and we need to keep doing the Campaign in a more effective way. The 5,000 cities that we have in the Campaign is probably just a drop in the ocean.
“The great thing that came out of the Campaign is that it works. We would now like to ask for your knowledge and wisdom to help shape the second phase from 2020 and make it more effective and to have your neighbouring countries and cities to join the Campaign.”